OECD: a multistakeholder approach to the challenges

The 2017 OECD Forum was hosted this week in Paris where experts, under the claim “Bridging divides”, have discussed about how the international cooperation can work better to extend globalization´s benefits to all.

As Carlos López Blanco, Telefónica´s Global Head of Public and Regulatory Affairs, said on the roundtable he participated “the economic debate on digitalization is about creating wealth and how this wealth is distributed in society”

This Fourth Revolution is characterized mainly by stunning advances in technology that are drastically enhancing our efficiency but, there are also side effects it´s necessary to consider to make sure everyone shares and enjoys the fruits of this amazing progress.

What appears certain is that digitalization boosts more inclusive and sustainable growth but also brings new policy challenges with regard to consumer rights, privacy, security, trust, competition, jobs and skills.

The speed of digitalization has caught governments, businesses and society off-guards but, in this new networked era, isolated policies silos will not work anymore. There is an increasingly need of working together dealing with current challenges that will help us developed the future we want and a multi-stakeholder approach is going to be essential.

It´s time to demand “by default” innovative cooperation mechanisms to produce scalable and adaptive policy standards in this digital and borderless world because as connectivity penetration increases so do the use and misuse of the Internet.

We are facing a great opportunity to change the relations between states, businesses and citizens and consolidate a new confidence link based on values like trust, transparency and simplicity. Public actors are called to play an important role in this strategy creating the appropriate conditions to enhance this multi-stakeholder dialogue where everybody feels represented.

Once again, the OECD brought the opinions of all players across digitalization searching answers to some of this questions by placing a central emphasis on the need for policies winning back the confidence of those who feel left behind, fearful of the impact of globalization, increasing migration flows, and the unprecedented speed of technological development.

The OECD Forum has deeply discussed about security as one of the issue where Governments, with the help of the private sector, need to take a proactive position to anticipate and mitigate cyber threats and get the balance right between national security and surveillance in our hyper digitally-dependent and interdependent economies.

Strengthening digital security is essential to allow citizens, companies and governments to establish confidence and trust in technology and unleash the benefits of a world that is rapidly going digital.

So far, main efforts have been put on how to manage crisis once it has bursts but there is a previous job that needs to be done before. Citizens need to have the necessary competencies to understand some of the basic securities issues that have to be addressed when they are online.

As Telefónica´s Public Policy and Internet Director, Christoph Steck, pointed on the roundtable he participated, “in the Internet there can´t be 100% security” (neither has ever been in the physical world).


After the undertaking of the European NIS Directive, sophisticated processes have been set in reacting to security breaches. But we still miss preventive actions in order to build a robust digital environment.

Security is a matter of technology and competences and much work has to be done to enforce our digital culture on security and skills development strategies require, again, public-private partnership.